Behavior of RC Beams Strengthened in Shear with FRP and FRCM Composites


This paper presents the results of an experimental campaign carried out to investigate the behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) beams strengthened in shear with externally bonded composites. Two different types of composites were studied: Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) and Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM) composites. In addition, different types of fiber (carbon and steel) were employed, and the influence of internal transverse steel reinforcement ratio and the presence of composite anchors were investigated. Internal-external shear reinforcement interaction, i.e. reduction of the stirrup strain due to the presence of the composite, was observed for both FRP and FRCM strengthened beams, but the interaction was less pronounced for those with FRCM composites. The anchors employed in this study did not affect the shear strength of the beams, but changes in the concrete crack pattern, mid-span displacement, and failure mode were observed. For FRCM strengthened beams, strains measured in the fibers showed higher exploitation ratios, i.e. the ratio between the maximum measured fiber strain and the rupture strain, for beams with carbon FRCM than those with steel FRCM. Effective strains computed using available models were considerably lower than the maximum measured fiber strains.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


This work was supported by the European Commission (Contract number MC-ITN-2013-607851).

Keywords and Phrases

Carbon fiber; FRCM; FRP; RC beams; Shear; Steel fiber; Strain; Strengthening

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Article - Journal

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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2017