A Study of the Effect of Fiber Orientation on the Torsional Behavior of RC Beams Strengthened with PBO-FRCM Composite


Repair and rehabilitation of reinforced concrete (RC) structures with different types of external reinforcement has been investigated widely. Fiber reinforced cementitious matrix (FRCM) is a new type of composite system that contains continuous fibers embedded in inorganic matrix. This system has been proven to be effective for strengthening RC members under flexure, shear, and axial loadings. However, studies on the use of FRCM composite for torsional strengthening are very limited. This study investigated experimentally the torsional behavior of solid rectangular RC beams strengthened with externally bonded PBO-FRCM composite in different wrapping configurations. The study focused on the effect of fiber orientation as well as other parameters that influence the torsional strength, torsional moment-twist per unit length response, and mode of failure including fiber continuity and number of composite layers. The strains in the internal and external reinforcement and the longitudinal elongation of the strengthened beams were examined, and a comparison with other types of fiber reinforced composite was also discussed. The 90° fiber orientation (perpendicular to the beam longitudinal axis) was more effective in increasing the torsional strength than the 45° fiber orientation since premature debonding of the fibers occurred at the ends of the 45° strips, which contrasted the potential benefits from optimizing the fiber orientation and led to the underutilization of the composite. The 90° fiber orientation was also more effective than the 0° fiber orientation.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Fiber orientation; Fiber strain; PBO-FRCM composite; RC beams; Strengthening; Torsion

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2018