Prediction of Freeze-Thaw Durability of Concrete


The AASHTO T 161 (ASTM C666) durability factor (DF) is used for evaluation and acceptance of aggregates and is being considered as an end-result performance specification criterion for evaluation of pavement concrete. However, the test method duration is lengthy. In a three-phase project, a method of shorter duration has been developed for the prediction of DF based primarily on aggregate testing. Thirty-two ledge/quarry/geologic formations were subjected to 21 test methods that reflected the major failure mechanisms of frost susceptibility (D-cracking). The DFs ranged from 28 to 98 and nominal maximum aggregate sizes were 3/8 to 1 in. (9.5 to 25 mm). Multiple linear regressions were used to produce several alternate models of varying accuracy and complexity for DF prediction. The models were validated with a separate dataset. As an alternate to the predictive models, a threshold-limits method was also developed based on the combined dataset plus 38 additional aggregates.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Concrete aggregates; Concretes; Durability; Forecasting; Freezing; Testing; Thawing; Freezing and thawing durability; Freezing and thawing resistance; Frost susceptibility; Maximum aggregate sizes; Multiple linear regressions; Pavement concrete; Performance specifications; Three-phase projects; Aggregates; Durability; Freezing-And-Thawing Resistance

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2015 American Concrete Institute (ACI), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2015