Effects of Loading Rate and Notch-to-Depth Ratio of Notched Beams on Flexural Performance of Ultra-High-Performance Concrete


This paper addresses the effects of loading rate and notch-to-depth ratio on flexural properties of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) notched beam specimens, in order to enable use of standardized laboratory test data to predict flexural properties of UHPC structures that have different dimensions and are subjected to a range of loading rates. UHPC notched beams were tested in three-point bending to study the effects of three notch-to-depth ratios of 1/6, 1/3, and 1/2 at five loading rates of 0.05, 0.50, 1.25, 2.50, and 5.00 mm/min on flexural performance. Test results indicate that loading rate and notch-to-depth ratio have significant effects on flexural properties of the UHPC notched beams. The flexural strength is shown to increase with the loading rate and the notch-to-depth ratio. The fracture energy increases with the loading rate but decreases with the notch-to-depth ratio. The changes of flexural properties with the loading rate are also dependent on the notch-to-depth ratio. Regression analyses to correlate flexural properties associated with the loading rate and notch-to-depth ratio were conducted to obtain parameters for UHPC structures.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


This study was funded by the RE-CAST Tier - 1 University Transportation Center [grant number DTRT13-G-UTC45] and the Energy Consortium Research Center at Missouri S&T [grant number SMR-1406-09]. Barzin Mobasher and Yiming yao sincerely acknowledge the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) for partial funding of this research [grant number: SPR 745].

Keywords and Phrases

Bending strength; Concrete beams and girders; Concretes; Regression analysis; Cracking behavior; Flexural properties; Loading rate; Notch to depth ratios; Ultra high performance concretes; High performance concrete; Notch-to-depth ratio; Post-cracking behavior; Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC)

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Article - Journal

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