Effect of Graphite Nanoplatelets and Carbon Nanofibers on Rheology, Hydration, Shrinkage, Mechanical Properties, and Microstructure of UHPC


This study evaluates the effects of two types of graphite nanoplatelet (GNP-C and GNP-M) and one type of carbon nanofiber (CNF) on rheological properties, hydration kinetics, autogenous shrinkage, and pore structure of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). The dispersion method was optimized to secure uniform dispersion of the nanomaterials in the UHPC. The plastic viscosity decreased with the nanomaterials content as the content was increased from 0 to 0.05%. As the nanomaterials content increased from 0 to 0.3%, the duration of induction period was extended by the addition of CNF, but shortened by use of GNP-C or GNP-M; cumulative hydration heat release was increased by introduction of nanomaterials; the autogenous shrinkage of UHPC with CNF, GNP-C, and GNP-M was increased by 30%, 20%, and 20%, respectively. The use of 0.3% CNFs reduced the total porosity of the UHPC by approximately 35%, indicating that the presence of CNFs refined the microstructure of UHPC.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Carbon nanofibers; Concretes; Dispersions; Graphite; Hydration; Microstructure; Nanofibers; Nanostructured materials; Rheology; Shrinkage; Autogenous shrinkage; Graphite nanoplatelets; Hydration kinetics; Pores structure; Rheological properties; Ultra high performance concretes; High performance concrete; Ultra-high-performance concrete

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Article - Journal

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© 2018 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2018