Static Cyclic Behaviour of FRP-Confined Crumb Rubber Concrete Columns
An experimental study was performed to investigate the possible use of crumb rubber concrete (CRC) for structural columns by evaluating the use of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) confinement as a means of overcoming the material deficiencies (compressive strength). Five reinforced concrete columns having 240 mm diameter and 1500 mm shear span were tested under axial compression and incrementally increasing reverse cyclic loading. Three columns were constructed out of CRC with 0, 2 and 4 layers of carbon FRP and two were constructed out of conventional concrete with 0 and 2 layers of carbon FRP. The results of this study showed that at the same confinement thickness, the peak strength of the FRP-confined CRC column was slightly higher than that of the FRP-confined conventional concrete column, even though the base concrete compressive strength was less. However, its ultimate drift was slightly lower. Doubling the confinement thickness increased the peak strength and the ultimate drift of the FRP-confined CRC by 11.5% and 53.8%, respectively. By using 2 layers of FRP, the strength confinement effectiveness of the conventional concrete and the CRC were 1.11 and 1.13, respectively, however, the drift confinement effectiveness was 0.98 and 1.07, respectively. This investigation demonstrates that CRC provides an environmentally-friendly alternative to conventional concrete in structural applications.
O. Youssf et al., "Static Cyclic Behaviour of FRP-Confined Crumb Rubber Concrete Columns," Engineering Structures, vol. 113, pp. 371-387, Elsevier, Apr 2016.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.01.033
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Compressive strength; Concrete construction; Energy dissipation; Fiber reinforced plastics; Reinforced concrete; Rubber; Concrete compressive strength; Crumb rubber; Environmentally friendly alternatives; Fibre reinforced polymers; FRP confined concrete; Reinforced concrete column; Rubberized concrete; Seismic loadings; Concretes; Column; Compressive strength; Cyclic loading; Energy dissipation; Polymer; Reinforced concrete; Seismic response; Static response; Crumb rubber concrete; Energy dissipation; FRP-confined concrete; Rubberized concrete; Seismic loading
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2016 Elsevier, All rights reserved.
01 Apr 2016