A Structural, Magnetic and Mössbauer Spectral Study of the Magnetocaloric Mn₁.₁Fe₀.₉P₁₋ₓGeₓ Compounds


The structural, magnetic and Mössbauer spectral properties of the magnetocaloric Mn1.1Fe0.9P1-xGex compounds, with 0.191.1Fe0.9P0.74Ge0.26. The temperature dependence of the magnetization reveals a ferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition with a Curie temperature between approximately 250 and 330 K and hysteresis width of 10 to 4 K, for 0.191.1Fe0.9P0.78Ge0.22 shows the largest isothermal entropy change of approximately 10 J/(kgKT) at 290 K. The Mössbauer spectra have been analysed with a binomial distribution of hyperfine fields correlated with a change in isomer shift and quadrupole shift, a distribution that results from the distribution of phosphorus and germanium among the near neighbours of the iron. The coexistence of paramagnetic and magnetically ordered phases in ranges of temperature of up to 50 K around the Curie temperature is observed in the Mössbauer spectra and is associated with the first-order character of the ferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition. The temperature dependence of the weighted average hyperfine field is well fitted within the magnetostrictive model of Bean and Rodbell. Good fits of the Mössbauer spectra could only be achieved by introducing a difference between the isomer shifts in the paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phases, a difference that is related to the magnetostriction and electronic structure change.



Keywords and Phrases

Curie Temperature; Electronic Structure; Ferromagnetic Materials; Ferromagnetism; Germanium; Isomers; Magnetic Field Effects; Magnetostriction; Magnetostrictive Devices; Manganese; Manganese Compounds; Molybdenum; Paramagnetic Materials; Phosphorus; Spectroscopic Analysis; Temperature Distribution; Binomial Distributions; Cell Volumes; Ferromagnetic Phasis; First Orders; Hyperfine Fields; Isomer Shifts; Isothermal Entropy Changes; Magnetically Ordered Phasis; Magnetocaloric; Paramagnetic Transitions; Quadrupole; Spectral Properties; Spectral Studies; Temperature Dependences; Weighted Averages; Magnetic Materials

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© 2008 Institute of Physics (IOP): Hybrid Open Access, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2008