Effects of 4-hydroxynonenal and N-acetyl-L-cysteine on Myc-induced Apoptosis


Apoptosis has been described as programmed active cell death. Overexpression of the c-Myc gene has been shown to induce apoptosis in RatlA/Myc-ER cells when combined with a growth blocking agent. In the present study, we tested whether 4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) or N-acetyl-L-cysteine (LNAC) affect apoptotic death in serum deprived RatlA/Myc-ER cells caused by the c-Myc protein. The incidence of apoptosis m growth arrested cells was confirmed photographically and by ladder pattern formation seen on agarose gel electrophoresis. To study the effect of HNE and LNAC, the cells were cultured in 0.5% serum and treated with various concentrations of HNE and LNAC. c-Myc was then activated by addition of 2μMβ β-estradiol. Two separate parameters were used to determine the rate of cell death. In the first, the amount of DNA isolated from dying cells was compared by UV absorption. As the second parameter, the cell numbers were determined by counting. Our results showed that 1 μM of HNE has no effect on apoptotic cell death. However, 10 μM HNE decreased the amount of DNA isolated while increasing the cell count 14% relative to cells treated only with β-estradiol. In addition, we found that various concentrations of the antioxidant LNAC does not protect cells from c-Myc induced death. However, it supports cell survival in 0.5% serum and causes an increase in cell number.



Second Department

Biological Sciences

Keywords and Phrases

4-Hydroxynonenal; Apoptosis; C-Myc; Lipid Peroxidation

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 1996 Elsevier Ireland Ltd., All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Dec 1996

PubMed ID