Studies of the interfacial behavior of pure aqueous nanoparticles have been limited due tothe difficulty of making contaminant-free nanoparticles while also providing narrow size distribu-tion. Colloidal unimolecular polymers (CUPs) are a new type of single-chain nanoparticle with a particle size ranging from 3 to 9 nm, which can be produced free of surfactants and volatile organic contents (VOCs). CUP particles of different sizes and surface charges were made. The surface tension behavior of these CUP particles in water was studied using a maximum bubble pressure tensiometer. The equilibrium surface tension decreased with increasing concentration and the number of charges present on the surface of the CUP particles influences the magnitude of the interfacial behavior. The effect of electrostatic repulsion between the particles on the surface tension was related. At higher concentrations, surface charge condensation started to dominate the surface tension behavior. The dynamic surface tension of CUP particles shows the influence of the diffusion of the particles to the interface on the relaxation time. The relaxation time of the CUP polymer was 0.401 s, which is closer to the diffusion-based relaxation time of 0.133s for SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate).
A. Zore et al., "Equilibrium and Dynamic Surface Tension Behavior in Colloidal Unimolecular Polymers (CUP)," Polymers, vol. 14, no. 11, article no. 2302, MDPI, Jun 2022.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14112302
Keywords and Phrases
colloidal unimolecular polymer (CUP); counterion condensation; diffusion coefficient; maximum bubble pressure tensiometer (MBPT); single-chain polymer nanoparticle; surface tension
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01 Jun 2022