Practical Correction of a Phase-Aberrated Laser Beam using a Triphenyldiamine-Based Photorefractive Composite


A photorefractive composite based on a triphenyldiamine (TPD) derivative was used to restore a severely phase-aberrated laser beam to a nearly aberration-free state. Here, a forward degenerate four-wave mixing geometry was employed for the elimination of phase distortions and its practical applicability in the transmission of optically encoded data is demonstrated. In addition, it is demonstrated that the experimental geometry is able to effectively restore dynamically updating images. Conventional two-beam coupling and degenerate four-wave mixing experiments were used to characterize the composite subject to the current experimental setup. The two-beam coupling net gain coefficient was 100 cm-1 with an applied external electric field of 70 V/µm. Internal and external diffraction efficiencies of 10 and 6%, respectively, were observed with a similar external electric field. Due to its superior charge-carrier mobility, the TPD-based composite exhibited a response time of 0.28 s, approximately five times faster than traditional PVK-based composites.



Keywords and Phrases

Electric fields; Laser beams; Photoreactivity; Restoration, Aberration-free; Degenerate four wave mixing; External electric field; Net gain; Phase distortions; Photorefractive composites; Triphenyldiamine; Two-beam coupling, Four wave mixing

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0946-2171; 1432-0649

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2017 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2017