Interfacial Bonding and Optical Transmission for Transparent Fiberglass/Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Composites
Evidence is presented relating the interfacial bonding strength and the optical transmission of transparent glass fiber reinforced PMMA composites. The temperature dependent (20° to 50°C) optical transmission of composites that contained uncoated 13 μm glass fibers and 13 μm glass fibers coated with divinyltetramethyl disilazane or 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate was found to decrease in the same order as the bond strength of the PMMA/glass fiber interface, namely, trimethoxy silane coated fiber, disilazane coated fiber, and uncoated fiber. SEM photographs showed similar fracture surfaces, clean fiber pull-out, and no apparent bonding of the glass fiber to the PMMA for the composites containing uncoated and disilazane coated fiber, whereas, the composite containing trimethoxy silane coated fiber showed virtually no clean fiber pullout. Additional evidence for differences in the bonding strength is seen in the degradation (penetration of water and fiber whitening) on aging at 23°C in air or water for composites containing uncoated fiber (most degradation), disilazane coated fiber (slight degradation), and trimethoxy silane coated fiber (no degradation). The optical transmission between 20° and 30°C at 600 to 800 nm for the composite containing trimethoxy silane coated fiber decreased the least with increasing temperature (from ~85% to 70%) while the composite containing uncoated fiber decreased the most (from ~85% to 32%).
K. D. Weaver et al., "Interfacial Bonding and Optical Transmission for Transparent Fiberglass/Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Composites," Polymer Composites, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 161-169, John Wiley & Sons Inc., Apr 1995.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.750160208
Materials Science and Engineering
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