Lead (Pb) is known to disrupt the pro-oxidant/anti-oxidant balance of tissues which leads to biochemical and physiological dysfunction. The present study investigated the previous termeffectsnext term of exposure on the redox status of the lenses of Fisher 344 rats and examined whether antioxidant or chelator administration reversed these changes. Animals were given 5 weeks of 2000 ppm Pb exposure followed by 1 week of either antioxidant, chelator or distilled water administration. Glutathione (GSH) and cysteine (CYS) levels decreased in the Pb-exposed group. N-previous termacetylcysteinenext term or 2,3-dimercaptopsuccinic previous termacidnext term (Succimer) supplementation following Pb intoxication resulted in increases in the GSH and CYS levels. Protein bound glutathione (PSSG) and cysteine (PSSC) increased following Pb exposure. In the Succimer-treated animals, the PSSG decreased significantly. The glutathione disulfide (GSSG) levels remained unchanged. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, a major lipid peroxidation byproduct, increased following Pb exposure and decreased following Succimer treatment. Our results suggest that antioxidant supplementation, as well as chelation, following Pb exposure may enhance the reductive status of lenses.




National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)

Keywords and Phrases

Glutathione; Lead Poisoning; Lens; NAC; Protein Bound Sulfhydryls; Succimer

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 1998 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 1998

Included in

Chemistry Commons