Effects of Aspartate on Rabbit Muscle Creatine Kinase and the Salt-Induced Molten Globule State
The aspartate (Asp)-induced unfolding and the salt-induced folding of creatine kinase (CK) have been studied by measuring enzyme activity, fluorescence emission spectra, circular dichroism (CD) spectra, native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and ultraviolet difference spectra. the results showed that Asp caused inactivation and unfolding of CK, with no aggregation during CK denaturation. the kinetics of CK unfolding followed a one phase process. at higher concentrations of Asp (>2.5 mM), the CK dimers were partially dissociated. Inactivation occurred before noticeable conformational change during CK denaturation. Asp denatured CK was mostly reactivated and refolded by dilution. KCl induced the molten globule state with compact structure after CK was denatured with 10 mM Asp. These results suggest that the effect of Asp differed from that of other denaturants such as guanidine, HCl or urea during CK unfolding. Asp is a reversible protein denaturant and the molten globule state indicates that intermediates exist during CK folding.
W. Ou et al., "Effects of Aspartate on Rabbit Muscle Creatine Kinase and the Salt-Induced Molten Globule State," International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 970-982, Elsevier, Aug 2002.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1357-2725(02)00018-3
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