Analysis of Ultrasonically Induced Free Radicals in the Emulsion Polymerization System by GC-MS
A specially designed gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analytical method has been developed and applied to identify the source of free radicals that served as initiators in a new ultrasonically induced emulsion polymerization system with monomer methyl methacrylate (MMA), surfactant sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) and water. the results showed the radicals came from the dissociation of SDS under ultrasonic irradiation. a quantitative determination procedure has been also developed and utilized to investigate the effects of the polymerization parameters, such as the surfactant concentration, the acoustic intensity of ultrasound, and the argon flow rate on the concentration of the generated free radicals in the emulsion system under ultrasonic irradiation. the results were helpful to understand the mechanism and kinetics of the system.
Y. Liu et al., "Analysis of Ultrasonically Induced Free Radicals in the Emulsion Polymerization System by GC-MS," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Wiley-Blackwell, Jan 1994.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1994.070530213
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