Improving the Comprehensive Performance of Na₀.₇MnO₂ for Sodium Ion Batteries by ZrO₂ Atomic Layer Deposition


Sodium ion batteries with Na-Mn-O compounds as cathodes have been widely studied as substitutes for lithium ion batteries due to their abundant resources. However, the relatively poor cycling stability and low capacity of Na-Mn-O compounds significantly limit their applications. Different approaches, including element substitution and surface modification, have been applied to improve the electrochemical performance of those cathode materials. Herein, element doping and coating of ZrO2 on Na0.7MnO2 particles have been achieved by atomic layer deposition followed by post-annealing. The rate capability and cycling stability of the modified materials were significantly improved, and the mechanism of performance enhancement was revealed. The ZrO2 coatings acted as a stable interfacial layer to enhance the cycling stability of Na0.7MnO2 by suppressing side reactions between the electrode and electrolyte. The doping of transition metal ions reduced energy barriers for sodium ion insertion and deintercalation during charge/discharge cycling, further improving the charge/discharge capacity and rate performance of Na0.7MnO2.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering


This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation of United States [grant NSF DMR 1464111], the Department of Energy’s Kansas City National Security Campus, operated by Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies, LLC [DE-NA0002839], and Linda and Bipin Doshi Endowment of Missouri University of Science and Technology.

Keywords and Phrases

Atomic Layer Deposition; Element Doping; Heat Treatment; Sodium Ion Battery; Surface Coating

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1944-8252; 1944-8244

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2021 American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

11 Nov 2021