Kidney-Targeted Delivery of Prolyl Hydroxylase Domain Protein 2 Small Interfering RNA with Nanoparticles Alleviated Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury


Inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor-prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) has been shown to protect against various kidney diseases. However, there are controversial reports on the effect of PHD inhibition in renoprotection. The present study determined whether delivery of PHD2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) using an siRNA carrier, folic acid (FA)-decorated polyamidoamine dendrimer generation 5 (G5-FA), would mainly target kidneys and protect against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R). The renal I/R was generated by clipping the renal pedicle for 30 minutes in uninephrectomized mice. Mice were sacrificed 48 hours after I/R. Normal saline or G5-FA complexed with control or PHD2 siRNA was injected via tail vein 24 hours before ischemia. After the injection of near-infrared fluorescent dye-labeled G5-FA, the fluorescence was mainly detected in kidneys but not in other organs. The reduction of PHD2 mRNA and protein was only observed in kidneys but not in other organs after injection of PHD2-siRNA-G5-FA complex. The injection of PHD2-siRNA-G5-FA significantly alleviated renal I/R injury, as shown by the inhibition of increases in serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen, the blockade of increases in kidney injury molecule-1 and neutrophil gelatinaseassociated lipocalin, and the improvement of histologic damage compared with mice treated with control siRNA. PHD2 siRNA can be delivered specifically into kidneys using G5-FA, and that local knockdown of PHD2 gene expression within the kidney alleviates renal I/R injury. Therefore, G5-FA is an efficient siRNA carrier to deliver siRNA into the kidney, and that local inhibition of PHD2 within the kidney may be a potential strategy for the management of acute I/R injury.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering


This work was supported by National Institutes of Health National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases [Grants DK107991 and DK102539] and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Grants HL145163 and HL140684].

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1521-0103; 0022-3565

Document Type

Article - Journal

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© 2021 American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 2021

PubMed ID