Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have a wide range of applications but face challenges in harsh working or operating environments at high temperatures. In this work, a solid polymer electrolyte with MWCNT-COOH as an additive (MWCNT-SPE) was obtained. MWCNT-SPE has a high thermal stability and can be used in high-temperature operating environments. Solid-state lithium batteries based on MWCNT-SPE and LiFePO4 were assembled. The resulting lithium batteries exhibited excellent electrochemical properties at 70 and 120 °C, demonstrating a wide range of operations suitable for solid-state batteries with extreme demands. The symmetrical Li/MWCNT-SPE/Li cell operated for 1800 h with low polarization voltage and no short circuit, and the LiFePO4/MWCNT-SPE/Li cell delivered superior cycling performance under both 0.2 and 0.5 C-rates, indicating that the interface compatibility between the lithium metal and MWCNT-SPE membrane was good and could effectively suppress the formation of lithium dendrites. The superior performance of the resulting MWCNT-SPE was due to the weak interaction between PEO, PVDF-HFP, and MWCNT-COOH, which reduced the tendency of PEO's crystallinity and thereby significantly increased the Li+ migration ability and improved the cycling life of the batteries.
H. Yu et al., "Solvent-Free Solid-State Lithium Battery based on LifePO₄ and MWCNT/PEO/PVDF-HFP for High-Temperature Applications," ACS Omega, vol. 6, no. 43, pp. 29060 - 29070, American Chemical Society (ACS), Oct 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.1c04275
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
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19 Oct 2021