Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have a wide range of applications but face challenges in harsh working or operating environments at high temperatures. In this work, a solid polymer electrolyte with MWCNT-COOH as an additive (MWCNT-SPE) was obtained. MWCNT-SPE has a high thermal stability and can be used in high-temperature operating environments. Solid-state lithium batteries based on MWCNT-SPE and LiFePO4 were assembled. The resulting lithium batteries exhibited excellent electrochemical properties at 70 and 120 °C, demonstrating a wide range of operations suitable for solid-state batteries with extreme demands. The symmetrical Li/MWCNT-SPE/Li cell operated for 1800 h with low polarization voltage and no short circuit, and the LiFePO4/MWCNT-SPE/Li cell delivered superior cycling performance under both 0.2 and 0.5 C-rates, indicating that the interface compatibility between the lithium metal and MWCNT-SPE membrane was good and could effectively suppress the formation of lithium dendrites. The superior performance of the resulting MWCNT-SPE was due to the weak interaction between PEO, PVDF-HFP, and MWCNT-COOH, which reduced the tendency of PEO's crystallinity and thereby significantly increased the Li+ migration ability and improved the cycling life of the batteries.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering


This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF DMR 1464111) and Linda and Bipin Doshi Endowment at the Missouri University of Science and Technology.

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2021 Authors, All rights reserved.

Creative Commons Licensing

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

19 Oct 2021