With a Euler-Euler (E2P) approach, a mathematical model for predicting the pointwise hydrodynamic behavior of a spouted bed was implemented though computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques. The model considered a bed elasticity approach in order to reduce the number of required sub-models to provide closure for the solids stress strain-tensor. However, no modulus of elasticity sub-model for a bed elasticity approach has been developed for spouted beds, and thus, large deviations in the predictions are obtained with common sub-models reported in literature. To overcome such a limitation, a new modulus of elasticity based on a sensitivity analysis was developed and implemented on the E2P model. The model predictions were locally validated against experimental measurements obtained in previous studies. The experimental studies were conducted using our in-house developed advanced γ-ray computed tomography (CT) technique, which allows to obtain the cross-sectional time-averaged solids holdup distribution. When comparing the model predictions against the experimental measurements, a high predictive quality for the radial solids holdup distribution in the spout and annulus regions is observed. The model predicts most of the experimental measurements for different particle diameters, different static bed heights, and different inlet velocities with deviations under 15%, with average absolute relative errors (AARE) between 5.75% and 7.26%, and mean squared deviations (MSD) between 0.11% and 0.24%.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for High Performance Computing Research

Keywords and Phrases

CFD Modeling; Elasticity Modulus; Euler-Two-Phase Model; Spouted Bed; Validation Experiments

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

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Creative Commons Licensing

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

11 Sep 2020