Methanol to Gasoline-Range Hydrocarbons: Influence of Nanocrystal Size and Mesoporosity on Catalytic Performance and Product Distribution of ZSM-5


Improvement of synthesis methods for ZSM-5 zeolite, as a heteregeneous catalyst, is essential for a wide variety of different reactions in the chemical industry. Decreasing zeolite crystal size and introducing mesoporosity into the zeolite structure can improve its performance in catalytic reaction through decreasing the micropore diffusion path-length and increasing the external surface area. In this study, three different ZSM-5 zeolites (Nano-ZSM-5, Meso-ZSM-5, and Con-ZSM-5) were prepared by a single-templating procedure, and the reaction of methanol to gasoline-range hydrocarbons was evaluated over synthesized ZSM-5 crystals in a fixed-bed continuous flow reactor. Good correlation was observed between catalytic performance, product distribution, mesoporosity, and crystal size of ZSM-5 zeolites. Both nanocrystal and mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolites showed long-term catalytic stability compared with the conventional one. In contrast to conventional ZSM-5 catalyst, the nanocrystal and mesoporous ZSM-5 catalysts showed high selectivities for light olefins and alkyl aromatics, respectively, in the conversion of methanol to gasoline. These results clearly indicate that both crystal size and mesoporosity significantly influence the ZSM-5 lifetime and product distribution.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Alkyl aromatics; Catalytic performance; Catalytic reactions; Catalytic stability; Continuous flow reactors; Crystal size; External surfaces; Fixed-bed; Gasoline-range hydrocarbons; Good correlations; High selectivity; Light olefins; Mesoporosity; Mesoporous; Micropore diffusion; Nanocrystal sizes; Path length; Product distributions; Synthesis method; Zeolite crystals; Zeolite structure; ZSM-5 catalysts; ZSM-5 zeolites, Catalysis; Catalyst activity; Catalyst selectivity; Chemical industry; Crystal structure; Grain size and shape; Methanol; Nanocrystals; Olefins; Organic compounds; Silicate minerals; Synthesis (chemical); Zeolites, Gasoline

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Article - Journal

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© 2011 American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2011