Modeling And Analysis Of Elution Stage Of Biospecific Adsorption In Finite Bath


A model is developed and used to predict the dynamic behavior of the elution stage of biospecific adsorption (affinity chromatography) in a finite bath. Both nonselective and selective elution of monovalent adsorbates is considered. The model expressions account for film and pore diffusion resistances for the adsorbate(s) and the eluent, and various rate expressions for the desorption of the adsorbate from the adsorbate–ligand complex are constructed and studied. The results indicate that the duration of the elution stage depends significantly on the Sherwood number of the adsorbate and the rate of the interaction step between the ligand and the adsorbate relative to the diffusion of the adsorbate in the pore during elution. In nonselective elution, when the value of the effective pore diffusivity of the eluent is significantly larger than that of the adsorbate, the results suggest that it would be advantageous to use an initial eluent concentration in the finite bath that is only slightly higher than the critical eluent concentration in order to minimize the risk of product and ligand damage. In selective elution the amount of adsorbate recovered in the elution stage is greatly influenced by the initial concentration of the eluent and the equilibrium dissociation constants of the adsorbate–ligand and adsorbate–eluent complexes. Copyright © 1988 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1097-0290; 0006-3592

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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Publication Date

01 Jan 1988