Osteogenic Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on a Poly (Octanediol Citrate)/bioglass Composite Scaffold in Vitro
This study investigated the effect of composite scaffolds composed of poly (octanediol citrate) (POC) and a bioactive glass (composition, 48%SiO2-12%CaO-32%ZnO-8%Ga2O3) on the growth and osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). All the scaffolds, regardless of the amount of bioglass incorporation, were able to support the growth of hBMSCs and guide their osteogenic differentiation without osteogenic media stimulation. The expression of bone-associated genes (runt-related transcription factor 2, type I collagen, bone morphogenetic protein 2, osteonectin and osteocalcin) was significantly increased by a culture time of up to 2 weeks, particularly for the composite scaffold loaded with 10% bioactive glass. The composite scaffolds significantly stimulated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity compared to the pure POC scaffold. Cellular mineralization of the secreted extracellular matrix illustrated a higher calcium level on the composites than on the pure POC and increased with culture time. These results suggest that composite scaffolds of POC and a bioactive glass can provide favourable conditions for osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs and can potentially be used to induce bone healing and regeneration.
E. Zeimaran and S. Mohan and S. Pourshahrestani and B. Pingguan-Murphy and N. A. Kadri and M. R. Murali and H. R. Raghavendran and K. Hasikin and T. Kamarul and M. R. Towler, "Osteogenic Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on a Poly (Octanediol Citrate)/bioglass Composite Scaffold in Vitro," Materials and Design, vol. 109, pp. 434 - 442, Elsevier, Nov 2016.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2016.07.096
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
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05 Nov 2016