It is not a new idea to use heat transfer from a hot sensor in a fluid stream to measure velocity and turbulence. This was done as long ago as 1909 by Mr. Kenelly, but a systematic study was not followed through until 1914 by L. V. King. After this followed a series of dedicated people, some students, some professors, some scientists, who continually advanced the state of the art of anemometry in liquids. This paper deals with their work in the areas of electronics (integrated circuits) and physics (thin film technology), and shows how, in time, these two areas conveniently overlapped. Each area made its contribution in the advancement of theory and experimental techniques. These contributions advanced the state of the art to the point where the science of anemometry is now involved in such diverse fields as ecology, rheology, biology, oceanography, space engineering and cloud physics.

Meeting Name

Symposium on Turbulence Measurements in Liquids (1969: Sep., Rolla, MO)


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Presentation Type

Contributed Paper


Turbulence Measurements in Newtonian Liquids

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





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