Title

The Jenkins Activity Survey and the CPI-revised: Further Evidence of Adaptive and Maladaptive Type a Traits

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship with college students (N = 142) between Type A characteristics, as measured by the Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS), and the personality traits measured by the revised California Psychological Inventory (CPI). Significant differences between As and Bs were found on 18 of the 23 CPI traits. Overall, results suggested that the JAS Competitiveness subscale measured adaptive, while the Type A and Speed and Impatience subscales measured maladaptive, characteristics. Furthermore, the thematic deficit associated with the maladaptive Type A characteristics was a lowered sense of integration. Recent explanations of Type A behavior, including those that focus on anger and cognitive appraisals, have not considered this possible lack of integration as a maladaptive aspect of the Type A pattern.

Department(s)

Psychological Science

Comments

Frances M. Montgomery published as Frances M. Haemmerlie

Keywords and Phrases

Adult; Competition; Human; Major Clinical Study; Maladjustment; Measurement; Personality; Type a Behavior; Adaptation, Psychological; Arousal; Comparative Study; Coronary Disease; Female; Internal-External Control; Male; Personality Inventory; Psychometrics; Risk Factors; Self Concept; Social Values; Type a Personality

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

219762

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1990 John Wiley & Sons Inc., All rights reserved.

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