Abstract

We analyze and review the theory of the hydrogen-deuterium isotope shift for the 1S-2S transition, which is one of the most accurately measured isotope shifts in any atomic system, in view of a recently improved experiment. A tabulation of all physical effects that contribute to the isotope shift is given. These include the Dirac binding energy, quantum electrodynamic effects, including recoil corrections, and the nuclear-size effect, including the pertaining relativistic and radiative corrections. From a comparison of the theoretical result Δfth=670999566.90(66)(60)kHz (exclusive of the nonrelativistic nuclear-finite-size correction) and the experimental result Δfexpt=670994334605(15) Hz, we infer the deuteron-proton charge-radius difference (r2)d- (r2)p=3.82007(65) fm2 and the deuteron structure radius rstr=1.97507(78) fm.

Department(s)

Physics

Keywords and Phrases

Atomic System; Isotope Shifts; Nonrelativistic; Physical Effects; Quantum Electrodynamic Effects; Radiative Corrections; Theoretical Result; Binding Energy; Deuterium; Electrodynamics; Hydrogen; Nuclear Physics; Protons; Quantum Electronics; Deuterium Compounds

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1050-2947

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2011 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.

Included in

Physics Commons

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