The radiative lifetime and mass isotope shift of the 1s22s22p 2P3/2 - 2P1/2 M1 transition in Ar13+ ions have been determined with high accuracies using the Heidelberg electron beam ion trap. This fundamentally relativistic transition provides unique possibilities for performing precise studies of correlation and quantum electrodynamic effects in many-electron systems. The lifetime corresponding to the transition has been measured with an accuracy of the order of one per thousand. Theoretical calculations predict a lifetime that is in significant disagreement with this high-precision experimental value. Our mass shift calculations, based on a fully relativistic formulation of the nuclear recoil operator, are in excellent agreement with the experimental results and cofirm the absolute necessity to include relativistic recoil corrections when evaluating mass shift contributions even in medium-Z ions.
Z. Harman and U. D. Jentschura and C. H. Keitel and A. Lapierre and R. S. Orts and J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia and H. Tawara and J. H. Ullrich and A. N. Artemyev and I. I. Tupitsyn and A. V. Volotka and V. M. Shabaev, "Correlation and Quantum Electrodynamic Effects on the Radiative Lifetime and Relativistic Nuclear Recoil in Ar13+ and Ar14+ Ions," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 133-136, IOP Publishing, Mar 2007.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/58/1/024
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