Progress at the Heidelberg EBIT
Two years after the relocation of the Heidelberg EBIT, several experiments are already in operation. Spectroscopic measurements in the optical region have delivered the most precise reported wavelengths for highly charged ions, in the case of the forbidden transitions of Ar XIV and Ar XV. The lifetimes of the metastable levels involved in those transitions has been determined with an error of less than 0.2%. A new, fully automatized x-ray crystal spectrometer allows systematic measurements with very high precision and reproducibility. Absolute measurements of the Lyman series of H-like ions are currently underway. Dielectronic recombination studies have yielded information on rare processes, as two-electron-one photon transitions in Ar16+, or the interference effects between dielectronic and radiative recombination in Hg77+. The apparatus can now operate at electron beam currents of more than 500 mA, and energies up to 100 keV. A further beam energy increase is planned in the near future. Ions can be extracted from the trap and transported to external experiments. Up to 4 x 107 Ar16+ ions per second can be delivered to a 1 cm diameter target at 10 m distance. Charge-exchange experiments with U64+ colliding with a cold He atomic beam have been carried out, as well as experiments aiming at the optimization of the charge state distribution of the extracted via dielectronic recombination. Two new EBITs, currently in advanced state of construction in Heidelberg, will be used for experiments at the VUV free electron laser at TESLA (Hamburg) and for the charge breeding of short-lived radioactive isotopes at the TRIUMF ISAC facility.
J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia and J. P. Braun and G. Brenner and H. Bruhns and C. Dimopoulou and I. N. Draganic and D. Fischer and A. J. Gonzalez and A. Lapierre and V. Mironov and R. Moshammer and R. S. Orts and H. Tawara and M. Trinczek and J. H. Ullrich, "Progress at the Heidelberg EBIT," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 42-51, Institute of Physics - IOP Publishing, Jan 2004.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/2/1/006
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