Abstract

This paper discusses particulate concentration and size distribution data gathered using the University of Missouri-Rolla Mobile Aerosol Sampling System (UMR-MASS), and used to investigate the southern extent of the eastern end of the North Atlantic Flight Corridor (NAFC) during project Pollution From Aircraft Emissions in the North Atlantic Flight Corridor/Subsonic Assessment (SASS) Ozone and Nitrogen Oxide Experiment (POLINAT 2/SONEX) from September 19 to October 23, 1997. The analysis presented in this paper focuses on "the corridor effect," or enhancement of pollutants by jet aircraft combustion events. To investigate the phenomena, both vertical and horizontal profiles of the corridor, and regions immediately adjacent to the corridor, were performed. The profiles showed a time-dependent enhancement of particulates within the corridor, and a nonvolatile (with respect to thermal volatilization at 300° C) aerosol enhancement at corridor altitudes by a factor of 3.6. The southern extent of the North Atlantic Flight Corridor was established from a four flight average of the particulate data and yielded a boundary near 42.5° N during the study period. A size distribution analysis of the nonvolatile particulates revealed an enhancement in the <40 nm particulates for size distributions recorded within the flight corridor.

Department(s)

Physics

Second Department

Chemistry

Keywords and Phrases

Aerosol; Particulate Matter; Size Distribution; Atlantic Ocean

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0148-0227

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2000 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, All rights reserved.

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