Title

Monte Carlo Calculations of Effective Surface Tension for Small Clusters

Abstract

In this study we have calculated configurational Helmholtz free energy differences between n and n - 1 molecule water clusters and n and n - 1 atom argon clusters using classical effective atom-atom pair potentials and the Bennett-Metropolis Monte Carlo technique. When plotted versus n-1/3 the slope of the free energy differences yields an effective surface tension, σ. It is found that these slopes display a universal (material independent) property related to the excess surface entropy/κ per molecule (or atom), Ω. For most materials (in the bulk liquid state) the latter quantity is about 2. The results indicate that clusters as small as n = 10 display bulk surface free energy properties. The temperature dependence of the effective surface tension for the model water clusters is also investigated and is consistent with a simple scaled form, (σ/κTρ2/3liquid ≈ Ω(Tc/T - 1), where Tc = 647 K and Ω = 1·9.

Department(s)

Physics

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0004-9506

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1996 CSIRO, All rights reserved.

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