Title

Critical Assessment of UO2 Classical Potentials for Thermal Conductivity Calculations

Abstract

This article reviews the thermal transport properties as predicted by 26 classical interatomic potentials for uranium dioxide, an important nuclear fuel material, determined using a lattice dynamics-based method. The calculations reveal structural instabilities for multiple potentials, as well as the presence of lower energy structures even for potentials in which the fluorite structure is stable. Both rigid atom and shell model potentials are considered, and general trends in their representation of the thermal conductivity are identified. Reviewed classical potentials predict thermal conductivity in the range of ~5-22 W/mK, compared to the experimental value of 8.9 W/mK. The quality of the anharmonicity correction that is based on the correlation between thermal expansion and thermal conductivity is investigated, and it found to generally improve thermal conductivities results.

Department(s)

Physics

Keywords and Phrases

Classical potentials; Critical assessment; Experimental values; Fluorite structure; Interatomic potential; Lower-energy structure; Structural instability; Thermal transport properties; Crystal lattices; Solids; Thermal expansion; Thermal conductivity

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0022-2461

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2012 Springer Netherlands, All rights reserved.

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