Electronic Structure Information from Electron Impact Ionisation Experiments
Electron impact ionisation with full determination of the kinematics (measurement of energies and momenta of the incident, scattered and ejected electrons) has proven to be useful for investigating both the electronic structure of atoms and molecules and the mechanism of ionisation. These experiments are, by definition, coincidence experiments since it is necessary to be sure that all the detected electrons originate from the same collision. For single-electron ionisation, (e, 2e), the emphasis has been on momentum densities and spectroscopic factors - see for example Coplan et al. (1994), McCarthy and Weigold (1976, 1988, 1991) and Leung (1991). For double ionisation, (e, 3e), data are just beginning to emerge, with early results on the Auger process and direct double ionisation (Duguet and Lahmam-Bennani 1992). Both (e, 2e) and (e, 3e) experiments are technically challenging because the signals are small and there is usually a large background. In the last few years, electrostatic spectrographs and position sensitive detectors have improved the resolution and precision of (e, 2e) measurements and have made (e, 3e) measurements a practical reality.
M. A. Coplan et al., "Electronic Structure Information from Electron Impact Ionisation Experiments," Australian Journal of Physics, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 321-333, Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organization, Jan 1996.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1071/PH960321
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