Retrieval of Interatomic Separations of Molecules from Laser-Induced High-Order Harmonic Spectra
We illustrate an iterative method for retrieving the internuclear separations of N₂, O₂ and CO₂ molecules using the high-order harmonics generated from these molecules by intense infrared laser pulses. We show that accurate results can be retrieved with a small set of harmonics and with one or few alignment angles of the molecules. For linear molecules the internuclear separations can also be retrieved from harmonics generated using isotropically distributed molecules. By extracting the transition dipole moment from the high-order harmonic spectra, we further demonstrated that it is preferable to retrieve the interatomic separation iteratively by fitting the extracted dipole moment. Our results show that time-resolved chemical imaging of molecules using infrared laser pulses with femtosecond temporal resolutions is possible.
V. Le et al., "Retrieval of Interatomic Separations of Molecules from Laser-Induced High-Order Harmonic Spectra," Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, vol. 41, no. 8, IOP Publishing Ltd., Apr 2008.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/41/8/085603
Keywords and Phrases
Electric Dipole Moments; Harmonic Analysis; Imaging Systems; Laser Pulses; Phase Separation; Phase Transitions, Harmonic Spectra; High-Order Harmonic Spectra; Interatomic Separations, Molecular Mechanics
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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