Abstract

The interaction of an intense laser pulse with atoms and molecules depends extremely nonlinearly on the laser intensity. Yet experimentally there still exists no simple reliable methods for determining the peak laser intensity within the focused volume. Here we present a simple method, based on an improved Perelomov-Popov-Terent'ev model, that would allow the calibration of laser intensities from the measured ionization signals of atoms or molecules. The model is first examined by comparing ionization probabilities (or signals) of atoms and several simple diatomic molecules with those from solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We then show the possibility of using this method to calibrate laser intensities for atoms, diatomic molecules as well as large polyatomic molecules, for laser intensities from the multiphoton ionization to tunneling ionization regimes.

Department(s)

Physics

Keywords and Phrases

Atoms; Ionization; Molecules; Photoionization, Diatomic Molecules; Intense Laser Pulse; Ionization Probabilities; Ionization Signals; Large Polyatomic Molecules; Multiphoton Ionization; Strong Field Ionization; Tunneling Ionization, Atom Lasers

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2469-9926

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2016 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.

Included in

Physics Commons

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