For the case of inelastic electron-atom scattering, it has been known for some time that significant spin effects may be observed even if spin-dependent forces on the projectile can be ignored. These spin effects result from the Pauli principle and this phenomenon has become known as the fine-structure effect. Recently, the question of whether or not these same types of effects should be observed for atomic ionization has been considered and the initial indications are that significant spin asymmetries can also be expected for atomic ionization if the final ion satisfies LS coupling and the final J state of the ion can be resolved. In this paper, we consider this problem for electron-impact ionization of inert gases. The theory of the fine-structure effect is presented for ionization and first-order distorted-wave results are compared with very recent experimental data.
D. H. Madison et al., "Fine-structure effect for (e,2e) collisions," Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 2399-2406, American Physical Society (APS), Apr 1996.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.53.2399
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