Superconducting thin film resonators employing strip geometries show great promise in rf/microwave applications due to their low loss and compact nature. However, their functionality is limited by nonlinear effects at elevated rf/microwave powers. Here, we show that by using a planar spiral geometry carrying parallel currents in adjacent turns, this limitation can be minimized. We investigate the rf current distributions in spiral resonators implemented with Nb thin films via laser scanning microscopy. The rf current density profile along the width of the individual turns of the resonators reveals an unconventional trend: maximum current in the middle of the structure and decaying toward its edges. This unusual behavior is associated with the circular nature of the geometry and the cancellation of magnetic field between the turns, which is favorable for handling high powers since it allows the linear characteristics to persist at high rf current densities.
A. P. Zhuravel et al., "Unconventional rf Photoresponse from a Superconducting Spiral Resonator," Physical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics, vol. 85, no. 13, pp. 134535-1-134535-8, American Physical Society (APS), Apr 2012.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.134535
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