Abstract

Demonstrating how microscopic dynamics cause large systems to approach thermal equilibrium remains an elusive, longstanding, and actively pursued goal of statistical mechanics. We identify here a dynamical mechanism for thermalization in a general class of two-component dynamical Lorentz gases and prove that each component, even when maintained in a nonequilibrium state itself, can drive the other to a thermal state with a well-defined effective temperature.

Department(s)

Physics

Keywords and Phrases

Condensed matter physics; Physics; Dynamical mechanisms; Effective temperature; General class; Microscopic dynamics; Nonequilibrium state; Thermal equilibriums; Thermal state; Thermalization; Statistical mechanics

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1539-3755

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2016 American Physical Society (APS), All rights reserved.

Included in

Physics Commons

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