The two-dimensional patterns in our small angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments from rapidly moving aerosols are anisotropic. To test the kinematic theory of two-body scattering that describes the anisotropy, we conducted SANS experiments using a constant source of D2O aerosol with droplets moving at ~440 m/s, and varied the neutron velocity from 267 to 800 m/s. The theoretically predicted anisotropy of the laboratory scattering intensities agrees well with the experimental results. Based on an analysis of the scattering intensity in the Guinier region, we also determined the particle velocity. The results are in very good agreement with independent velocity estimates based on supersonic flow measurements.
B. E. Wyslouzil et al., "Doppler Shift Anisotropy in Small Angle Neutron Scattering," Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics, vol. 60, no. 4 B, pp. 4330-4335, American Physical Society (APS), Oct 1999.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.60.4330
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