Nucleation Rates of Methanol Using the SAFT-0 Equation of State
Classical and nonclassical calculations of nucleation rates are presented for methanol, an associating vapor system. The calculations use an equation of state (EOS) that accounts for the effects of molecular association based on the statistical association fluid theory (SAFT). Two forms of classical nucleation theory (CNT) were studied: a Gibbsian form known as the P-form and the standard or S-form. CNT P-form calculations and nonclassical gradient theory (GT) calculations were made using the SAFT-0 EOS. Calculated rates were compared to the experimental rates of Strey, et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 84, 2325-2335]. Very little difference was found between the two forms of CNT for either the temperature (T) or supersaturation (S) dependence of the rates. Nucleation rates based on GT showed improved T and S dependence compared to CNT. The GT rates were also improved by factors of 100-1000 compared to CNT. Despite these improvements, GT does not describe the reported T and S dependence of the nucleation rates. To explore this further, the GT and experimental rates were analyzed using Hale's scaled model [J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 122, 204 509]. This analysis reveals an inconsistency between the predictions of GT, which scale relatively well, and the experimental data, which do not scale. It also shows that the measured rate data have an anomalous T and S dependence. A likely source of this anomaly is the inadequate thermodynamic data base for small cluster properties that was used originally to correct the raw rate data for the effects of association.
A. A. Obeidat et al., "Nucleation Rates of Methanol Using the SAFT-0 Equation of State," ChemPhysChem, vol. 11, no. 18, pp. 3987-3995, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Dec 2010.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphc.201000493
Keywords and Phrases
associating vapor; equation of state; gradient theory; methanol; nucleation
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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