Mine Health and Safety: Industry's March Towards Continuous Improvement in the United States Experience
For the period 1980-1989, mining still ranked as the number one United States industry with respect to the average annual rate of traumatic occupational fatalities (Anonymous 1993). Its rate (per 100 000 workers) was 31.91 versus 25.61 for the construction industry, 23.30 for the transportation/communications/public utilities industries, and 18.33 for the agriculture/forestry/fishing industries. The next highest figure was three times lower at 6.73. The largest causes of death were machines (7.39 fatalities per 100 000 workers), motor vehicles (5.27), struck by falling objects (4.33), explosions (2.46), electrocutions (2.27), and falls of persons (1.89). Mining's death rates by machines, struck by falling objects, and explosions were the highest among all industries, while mining ranked second in death rates by motor vehicles (11.44 in transportation/communications/public utilities), electrocutions (3.99 in construction), and falls of persons (6.56 in construction).
R. L. Grayson, "Mine Health and Safety: Industry's March Towards Continuous Improvement in the United States Experience," Environmental Impacts of Mining Activities, Springer Verlag, Jan 1999.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-59891-3_7
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
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