Hydraulic Mining from California to British Columbia the Long Way
The use of streams of water to remove minerals in a controlled fashion has been known for millennia. However it has only been in the last 150 years that the tool has found a wider industrial application. The paper traces some of the highlights of the technical developments as the tool moved from a simple nozzle on the end of a rawhide hose being used to mine gold in California, to the sophisticated, remotely controlled machine that mined 3,000 tons of coal a shift from an underground mine in Canada.
D. A. Summers, "Hydraulic Mining from California to British Columbia the Long Way," Mining History, Peak District Mines Historical Society, Jan 2004.
National Association of Mining Organizations' Conference
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Article - Journal
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