Title

Tar Sand Mining in Canada - a Technological Challenge

Abstract

The deposits consist of 180 multiplied by 10⁹ m³ bitumen in situ and cover an area of 70,000 km². Only 7% are classified for open pit mining. The climate with temperatures of minus 45 degree C during the winter and plus 35 degree C in summer, wind, ice and snow are a challenge for men and machine. The abrasiveness and oily characteristics of the sand cause material problems which could only be overcome through research and development programs. Two companies are presently mining in open pits. Both operators have to move high volumes of sand, bitumen and water. The mining methods are different - in one case using bucket wheel excavaters and in the other a combination of dragline and bucket wheel reclaimers. Both methods are described.

Department(s)

Mining and Nuclear Engineering

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1983 Padagogika Zentrale, All rights reserved.

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