Disjoining Pressure in Soap Films
A thin film balance of Scheludko-Exerowa type was used to determine equilibrium film thicknesses of dodecylammonium chloride (RNH 3Cl) solutions. The data were analyzed in view of the extended DLVO theory, which considers electrostatic, van der Waals, and hydrophobic forces. The hydrophobic force was represented as a power law which is of the same form as for the van der Waals force, so that its constant K 232 can be directly compared with the Hamaker constant, A 232. The results showed that at low surfactant concentrations, K 232 is positive and decreases with increasing surfactant concentration, suggesting that hydrophobic force plays an important role in thin films. When the K 232 versus concentration plot was extrapolated to very dilute solutions, K 232 approaches 10 -17 J, which is approximately 270 times larger than A 232. When the surfactant concentration was increased above 2 x 10ˉ³, however, K 232 becomes negative, indicating that hydration force appears at high surfactant concentrations. These results suggest that air bubbles are hydrophobic and the hydrophobicity decreases with increasing surfactant concentration. A TFB was used to obtain a disjoining pressure isotherm at 10ˉ³ M RNH 3Cl in the presence of 10ˉ⁴ M NaCl. The results can be fitted to the extended DLVO theory with K 232 = 6 x 10 -19 J. Consideration of hydrophobic force predicted a rupture thickness larger than predicted using the DLVO theory, but is substantially smaller than the experimental result. This discrepancy may be ascribed to the hydrodynamic force operating in the film thinning process.
R. Yoon and B. S. Aksoy, "Disjoining Pressure in Soap Films," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, Jan 1999.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcis.1998.5961
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Coalesence Time Measurement
Article - Journal
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