The Lithium Shell Effect and It's Impact on Microscopy Determinations of Swelling Behavior
The heterogeneity of swelling in some irradiated alloys arises from localized enhancement of void nucleation by the "lithium shell effect" near boron-rich precipitates. The lithium shell is usually more pronounced than that of the helium shell at twice the radius. It has been found that these lithium and helium-affected volumes can be discounted in microscopy determinations of the bulk-averaged swelling rate.
W. J. Yang et al., "The Lithium Shell Effect and It's Impact on Microscopy Determinations of Swelling Behavior," Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, Jan 1984.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3115(84)90677-9
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Article - Journal
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