Application of Artificial Neural Network (ANN)-Self-Organizing Map (SOM) for the Categorization of Water, Soil and Sediment Quality in Petrochemical Regions


Lin, B.


The utilization of mathematical and computational tools for pollutant assessment frameworks has become increasingly valuable due to the capability to interpret integrated variable measurements. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are considered as dependable and inexpensive techniques for data interpretation and prediction. The self-organizing map (SOM) is an unsupervised ANN used for data training to classify and effectively recognize patterns embedded in the input data space. Application of SOM-ANN is useful for recognizing spatial patterns in contaminated zones by integrating chemical, physical, ecotoxicological and toxicokinetic variables in the identification of pollution sources and similarities in the quality of the samples. Water (n = 11), soil (n = 38) and sediment (n = 54) samples from four areas in the Niger Delta (Nigeria) were classified based on their chemical, toxicological and physical variables applying the SOM. The results obtained in this study provided valuable assessment using the SOM visualization capabilities and highlighted zones of priority that might require additional investigations and also provide productive pathway for effective decision making and remedial actions. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Mining and Nuclear Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Multivariate Statistical Techniques; Niger Delta; Petrochemical; Sediment; Self-Organizing Map; Soil; Water

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2013 Elsevier, All rights reserved.