Nozzle Geometry and Injection Duration Effects on Diesel Sprays Measured by X-Ray Radiography
X-ray radiography was used to measure the behavior of four fuel sprays from a light-duty common-rail diesel injector. The sprays were at 250 bar injection pressure and 1 bar ambient pressure. Injection durations of 400 µs and 1000 µs were tested, as were axial single-hole nozzles with hydroground and nonhydroground geometries. The X-ray data provide quantitative measurements of the internal mass distribution of the spray, including near the injector orifice. Such measurements are not possible with optical diagnostics. The 400 µs sprays from the hydroground and nonhydroground nozzles appear qualitatively similar. The 1000 µs spray from the nonhydroground nozzle has a relatively consistent moderate width, while that from the hydroground nozzle is quite wide before transitioning into a narrow jet. The positions of the leading- and trailing-edges of the spray have also been determined, as has the amount of fuel residing in a concentrated structure near the leading edge of the spray.
A. Kastengren et al., "Nozzle Geometry and Injection Duration Effects on Diesel Sprays Measured by X-Ray Radiography," Journal of Fluids Engineering, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Jan 2008.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2903516
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
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