Title

Biodegradable Borosilicate Bioactive Glass Scaffolds with a Trabecular Microstructure for Bone Repair

Abstract

Three-dimensional porous scaffolds of a borosilicate bioactive glass (designated 13-93B1), with the composition 6Na2O-8K 2O-8MgO-22CaO-18B2O3-36SiO2-2P 2O5 (mol%), were prepared using a foam replication technique and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Immersion of the scaffolds for 30 days in a simulated body fluid in vitro resulted in partial conversion of the glass to a porous hydroxyapatite composed of fine needle-like particles. The capacity of the scaffolds to support bone formation in vivo was evaluated in non-critical sized defects created in the femoral head of rabbits. Eight weeks post-implantation, the scaffolds were partially converted to hydroxyapatite, and they were well integrated with newly-formed bone. When loaded with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), the scaffolds supported bone regeneration in segmental defects in the diaphysis of rabbit radii. The results indicate that these 13-93B1 scaffolds, loaded with PRP or without PRP, are beneficial for bone repair due to their biocompatibility, conversion to hydroxyapatite, and in vivo bone regenerative properties.

Department(s)

Mining and Nuclear Engineering

Second Department

Materials Science and Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

9284931

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2014 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

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