Surface Modification of Polymethyl Methacrylate Intraocular Lenses with the Mixture of Acrylic Acid and Acrylamide Via Plasma-Induced Graft Copolymerization
An approach is presented for the graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AAc) and acrylamide (AAm) mixture onto the surfaces of polymethyl methacrylate intraocular lenses (PMMA IOLs) treated with an Argon gas plasma, followed by the exposure to the oxygen atmosphere. in this case, peroxides formed by the plasma treatment are likely to be responsible for initiating the graft copolymerization. the amount of peroxides on the surface of PMMA IOLs was determined using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, and the maximum amount was found with the plasma treatment at 30 W for 20 s under 5 mTorr pressure. the surfaces of the grafted PMMA IOLs were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy-attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR), electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis, and contact angle meter. the FTIR-ATR spectrum of PMMA-g-AAc-AAm showed the characteristic band of PAAc at 1580 cm-1 together with those of PAAm at 1670 and 1630 cm-1, confirming that the copolymer of AAc and AAm was successfully grafted onto the surfaces of PMMA IOLs. the experimental data of O1s/C1s and N1s/C1s reasonably concurred with the calculated data, a strong indication that the pH value of the reaction medium at 3.77 could produce a graft with an equal molar ratio. Surface tension of the samples increased to 52 dyn/cm due to the graft of the hydrophilic monomers.
T. Suh et al., "Surface Modification of Polymethyl Methacrylate Intraocular Lenses with the Mixture of Acrylic Acid and Acrylamide Via Plasma-Induced Graft Copolymerization," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Wiley, Jan 2002.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.10870
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Acrylamide; Acrylic Acid; ESCA/XPS; FT-IR; Graft Copolymers; Intraocular Lenses; Plasma Polymerization; Polymethyl Methacrylate; Surface Modification
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