Understanding Mine Ventilation and Introduction of Inertisation Gases with Fire Simulation Software
A study has reviewed the variety of mine inertisation systems available in Australia and their technical specifications. Exercises which involved “evaluation or auditing” of selected mines as to the ability to deliver inert gases generated from inertisation units to high priority underground fire locations have been undertaken in a number of mines. These exercises have been built around the use of the fire simulation computer program VENTGRAPH and modelling of fire scenarios in selected different mine layouts. A coding system has been developed from these audit exercises. Designs have been developed to allow delivery of high volumes of inert gases down mine bore holes. A section of the paper has examined considerations presented by the layouts of underground mines developed from surface extraction pits. Inertisation and dilution issues in mine openings create complex situations. Mains headings present a complex ventilation network with often numerous parallel headings, hundreds of cut-throughs and a variety of ventilation control devices. In these complex systems the additional interference from a fire means maintaining control of the movement of inert gas is more difficult than elsewhere in the mine. Some illustrations of these issues are given. Mine fires and heatings are recognised across the world as a major hazard issue. New approaches allowing improvement in understanding their use of inertisation techniques have been examined. The outcome of the project is that the mining industry is in an improved position in their understanding of mine fires, use of inertisation and the use of modern advances to preplan for the handling of possible emergency incidents.
S. Gillies and H. W. Wu, "Understanding Mine Ventilation and Introduction of Inertisation Gases with Fire Simulation Software," Proceedings, First International Copper Ore Mining Congress, Sep 2009.
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
Australian Coal Association Research Program
Polish Academy of Mining Sciences
University of Kentucky
Keywords and Phrases
Inertisation of Mine Fires; Inertisation Systems; Mine Fires; Mine Safety; Simulations of Fires
Article - Conference proceedings