Title

Theoretical Predictions of Morphotropic Phase Boundary in (1-X)Na[subscript 1/2]Bi[subscript 1/2]TiO₃-XBaTiO₃ by First-Principle Calculations

Abstract

A morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in a solid solution of (1 - x)Na[subscript 1/2]Bi[subscript 1/2]TiO3-xBaTiO₃ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) (NBT-BT) is directly demonstrated by first-principle calculations. The results show that in the NBT-BT system, a structural transition from rhombohedral to tetragonal occurs when x is changed from 0.06 to 0.12, and the MPB appears at compositions of around 0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.07. It can be verified by the stronger hybridization orbital of p-d based on the analysis of the partial density of states (PDOS) in the Ti-O atoms. The theoretical predictions agree well with experimental observations which indicate that the best ferroelectric properties can be attained in the vicinity of around 0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.07 in the MPB of the NBT-BT system. Another tetragonal-cubic phase transition which needs further experimental verification is also found from the system with compositions of 0.475 ≤ x ≤ 0.65. © Springer Verlag 2011.

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2011 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.

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