Evaluation of Component Repair Using Direct Metal Deposition from Scanned Data
In this work, the repair volume of AISI H13 tool steel samples with hemisphere-shaped defects was reconstructed through reverse engineering and the samples were repaired by laser-aided direct metal deposition (DMD) using Co-based alloys powder as the filler material. Microstructure characterization and elemental distribution of deposits were analyzed using optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Mechanical properties of repaired samples were evaluated via tensile test and microhardness measurement. The experiment showed that a gap between deposits and substrate exists if only employing the tool path generated from the reconstructed repair volume but the gap can be removed by depositing an extra layer covering that region. Microstructure and tensile test confirmed strong metallurgical bond in the interface. Defect-free columnar structure dominated the deposits near the interface while other regions of deposits consisted of dendrite structure with interdendritic eutectics. The tensile test showed that the repaired samples have a higher ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and lower ductility compared with those of base metal. Fractography from tensile test showed repaired samples fractured brittlely at the deposits section with cracking propagating along the grain boundaries. The hardness measurement showed that the deposited layers have a much higher hardness in comparison to the substrate.
X. Zhang et al., "Evaluation of Component Repair Using Direct Metal Deposition from Scanned Data," International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 95, no. 9-12, pp. 3335-3348, Springer Verlag, Apr 2018.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-1455-y
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
3D printers; Alloy steel; Cobalt alloys; Deposition; Deposits; Fracture mechanics; Grain boundaries; Hardness; Metals; Microstructure; Repair; Reverse engineering; Scanning electron microscopy; Steel; Tensile strength; Tensile testing; Tool steel; Tools; Direct metal deposition; Elemental distribution; Energy dispersive spectrometry; Interdendritic eutectics; Laser-aided direct metal depositions; Microhardness measurement; Microstructure characterization; Ultimate tensile strength; Defects; Additive manufacturing
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2018 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.