Title

Linear and Unscented Covariance Analysis for Spacecraft Close Proximity Relative Navigation

Abstract

Linear and unscented covariance analyses are implemented to compare the nominal performance of an extended and unscented Kalman filter for estimating the relative position and velocity of a deputy spacecraft using two camera line-of-sight measurements from a chief spacecraft, as well as the position, velocity, and attitude of the chief spacecraft. Dead reckoning of IMU data is used with external aiding from GPS and magnetometer measurements aboard the chief spacecraft. The ratio of nongravitational acceleration acting on the deputy spacecraft with respect to the chief spacecraft is included in order to stochastically include the effects of perturbations to relative motion. Camera specifications, such as resolution and baseline, are investigated to determine their effects on the nominal performance.

Meeting Name

24th AAS/AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting (2014: Jan. 26-30, Santa Fe, NM)

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Cameras; Space flight; Spacecraft; Close proximity; Covariance analysis; Dead reckoning; Line-of-sight measurements; Relative motion; Relative navigation; Relative positions; Unscented Kalman Filter; Tracking (position)

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

9780877036111

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0065-3438

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2014 Univelt Inc., All rights reserved.

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